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Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-34

Primary mammary small-cell carcinoma: A case report and review of the literature


Department of Surgical Oncology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Altaf Gauhar Haji
Department of Surgical Oncology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Edapally, Kochi - 682 026, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-5851.56334

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Only a few cases of primary small-cell carcinoma of the breast have been documented in the current medical literature. A confident diagnosis can only be made if a nonmammary site is excluded or if an in-situ component can be demonstrated histologically. These criteria have been met only in a very few of the published cases, including this case report. We describe a case of a 68-year-old lady with left breast lump, which was diagnosed as breast cancer on fine-needle aspiration and core biopsy. Metastatic workup was negative for disease elsewhere, and she received 3 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery (modified radical mastectomy). However, the disease behaved very aggressively in the postoperative period. There is a lack of consensus regarding the management of the primary tumor. Present surgical treatment options are similar to those in cases of invasive ductal breast cancer, as appropriate for the size and stage of the lesion. A review of current literature on his rare entity is also presented.


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