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Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 501-506

Treatment adherence and abandonment in acute myeloid leukemia in pediatric patients at a low-resource cancer center in India


1 Department of Medical Oncology, MNJ Institute of Oncology and Regional Cancer Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden
3 Palliative Access (PAX) Program, MNJ Institute of Oncology and Regional Cancer Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana, India; Two Worlds Cancer Collaboration-INCTR, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Pain and Palliative Medicine, MNJ Institute of Oncology and Regional Cancer Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4 Palliative Care Program, MNJ Institute of Oncology and Regional Cancer Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
5 Department of Clinical Sciences, Oncology and Pathology, Institute for Palliative Care, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University; Department of Palliative Care and Advanced Home Health Care, Primary Health Care Skane, Region Skane, Lund, Sweden
6 Department of Clinical Sciences, Oncology and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University; Department of Radiotherapy and Radiophysics, Skane University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
7 Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mikael Segerlantz
Palliative Care and Advanced Home Health Care, Sankt Lars Vag 90, 221 85 Lund
Sweden
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmpo.ijmpo_84_18

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Aim: One of the causes for lower cure rates in acute childhood leukemia in low- and middle- income countries (LMIC) compared to high-income countries is abandonment from treatment. The International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) defines abandonment as failure to begin treatment or an absence of 4 weeks during treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of abandonment among patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at the pediatric ward at a low-resource cancer center in India. Methods: Medical records of all patients, aged 0–15 years, diagnosed with AML between January 1, 2014, and March 31, 2015, at the hospital were reviewed. Age, sex, date of diagnosis, and survival during the short follow-up time after completed treatment and information regarding abandonment were collected. SIOP definition of abandonment was used. Eight patients were diagnosed with AML at the hospital whereof 65 met the inclusion criteria of this study. Results: Of the included 65 patients, 6 died before treatment could be initiated and 3 were referred to palliative care upfront. Thus, 56 patients were offered curatively intended treatment. Of these patients, six refused treatment at this stage and another five abandoned during therapy. Altogether, 11 children abandoned treatment. Conclusion: In this study, the abandonment rate from treatment of childhood AML was 20%, which is in concordance from other studies conducted in India and other LMIC, stating that abandonment is a problem and hindrance when treating with a curative intent.


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