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Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 573-575

Giant sacrococcygeal teratoma in neonate: A case report and review of literature


1 Department of Paediatric, Neonatology Unit, Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajkumar Motiram Meshram
Department of Paediatrics, Govt. Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmpo.ijmpo_16_18

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Sacrococcygeal teratoma is considered the most common tumor in the neonatal period with a female-to-male ratio of 3–4:1. They are believed to arise early in gestation from the totipotential cells of Hensen's node and the derived ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. A 2.25 kg cesarean-delivered male, term neonate presented with large nonpulsatile, globular erythematous mass with lobulated surface and variable consistency. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbosacral spine showed multilocular cystic and solid lesion with foci of calcification and subtle communication with spinal canal. Histopathological examination showed mature endodermal, ectodermal, and mesenchymal elements such as cartilage, glial tissues, keratin cyst, and glandular elements with focus of primary neuroepithelial and pancreatic elements. Entire tumor was excised. The baby expired secondary to wound infection. Early diagnosis by improving antenatal care with timely surgical intervention and good nursing care improves the outcome.


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