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Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 77-81

Profile of pediatric chronic myeloid leukemia in the era of imatinib: A study from South India


1 Department of Pathology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Pediatric Hematology Oncology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Febe R Suman
Department of Pathology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmpo.ijmpo_234_17

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Introduction: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a chronic hematologic malignancy, is rare in pediatric patients. Studies of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib are required so that uniform guidelines may focus on disease therapy and follow-up for children. We analyzed the clinicohematologic features of the disease, treatment response to imatinib, follow-up measures, and the impact of the disease on the patients and their family. Materials and Methods: All pediatric patients diagnosed with CML and treated and followed-up were studied regarding demographics, clinical features at presentation, and diagnostic profile, including laboratory parameters, peripheral blood smear test, fluorescent in situ hybridization and karyotyping, and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for the BCR-ABL fusion gene. Treatment modalities, adverse reactions, remedial measures, assessment at every follow-up visit, patient's education, parents' socioeconomic status, and economic and psychological stresses were also evaluated. Results: Six patients were administered upfront therapy with a standard dose of imatinib. Hematological and biochemical parameters were monitored after the drug administration. We assessed the treatment response using molecular detection of the BCR-ABL transcripts. All patients who complied with drug therapy showed a complete molecular response and minimal toxic symptoms. However, parents found it difficult to cope socially and economically. Conclusion: Imatinib mesylate is effective and has a good molecular response, minimal toxicity, and good patient compliance. However, due to its cost, families reacquire financial debt, and the disease creates uncertainty about the child's future, thereby necessitating psychosocioeconomic support for parents. Changes in the policies of cancer support groups are urgently needed to provide lifelong, lifesaving drugs free of cost.


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