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Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 6-15

Gall bladder cancer : Indian Scenario

Indian Council of Medical Research New Delhi-110029, India

Correspondence Address:
K Chaudhry
Indian Council of Medical Research New Delhi-110029, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Gallbladder cancer is an important malignant disorder for India. The reports of various population based cancer registries were analysed to assess its importance in Indian context, to understand its geographic distribution, gender distribution and trends in occurrence of this disease over time. Published scientific studies providing population based data were also used. The data suggests that gallbladder cancer is common among women. Its incidence increases with age. In areas with lower crude incidence rates, the disease is mainly limited to higher age groups. However, younger persons are affected in case of higher overall incidence rates. In areas with lower incidence rates, both genders are affected to same extent or even men may be affected to a higher extent. An analysis of temporal age specific incidence rates showed that in case of increase in overall incidence rates, all the age groups are affected, suggesting that the operable aetiologiocal/risk factors affect everyone in the region. Increase in incidence rates was observed in Delhi and Mumbai. Other areas also suggested an increase, but the confidence is limited due to small numbers. Cross-sectional data as well as temporal data in incidence rates, suggests that in case of increase in overall incidence rate of the disease, the female: Male (F: M) ratio of incidence rate is likely to go high. Occurrence of gallbladder cancer among younger and increase in F: M ratio of incidence rate may suggest an increasing trend of the disease.

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