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Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 530-534

The efficacy and safety of plerixafor in hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in patients with Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and Hodgkin lymphoma who failed mobilization with granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor alone: A single-center experience

1 HCG Manavata Cancer Centre, Nashik, Maharashtra, India
2 HCG Cancer Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Radheshyam Naik
HCG Cancer Centre, P. Kalinga Rao Road, Sampangiram Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka - 560 020
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmpo.ijmpo_154_19

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Introduction: Plerixafor is a CXCR4 antagonist which is administered along with granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells in patients with Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) or multiple myeloma (MM), who failed the mobilization with G-CSF alone. Methodology: This was a single-center, retrospective study of the efficacy of the plerixafor and G-CSF in 32 patients with NHL (n = 11), MM (n = 11), and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) (n = 10) who failed mobilization with G-CSF alone. Results: A median number of 1.21 × 106, 1.32 × 106, and 6.73 × 106 CD34 + cells were mobilized in patients with MM, NHL, and HL, respectively. Overall, 31 (96.8%) patients mobilized more than 2 × 106 CD34 + stem cells and 21 (33.75%) patients mobilized more than 5 × 106 CD34 + stem cells. All 32 (100%) patients underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. There were no adverse drug events reported. Conclusion: This retrospective study shows that plerixafor is an effective and safe mobilization agent in patients with NHL, MM, and HL who have failed mobilization with G-CSF alone.

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