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Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 640-651

COVID-19: A review of the pandemic with emphasis on the role of imaging


1 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sher I Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Abhishek Mahajan
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmpo.ijmpo_223_20

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Heretofore, the COVID-19 pandemic continues to expand costing not just lives but also significant impact on the global economy. More than 212 countries and territories across the globe have been affected till now, causing approximately 4,043,068 confirmed cases and 277,016 deaths, and the numbers are rising expeditiously. The common symptoms are fever, dry cough, fatigue, sputum production, shortness of breath, sore throat, and headache, but atypical symptoms affecting cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, and neurological manifestations are not so uncommon and have been reported. Various governing bodies such as the World Health Organization, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have laid down guidelines and recommendations for the same. In this review article, we have propounded the established knowledge about the causative agent in terms of epidemiological features, the etiopathogenesis, signs and symptoms, methods used for diagnosis, and the latest insight into the treatment and prevention according to the recent published recommendations. The current guidelines and the state-of-the-art updates for various active health-care personnel; allied departments such as radiology and microbiology, and those for the community have also been discussed.


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