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Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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   2001| January-March  | Volume 22 | Issue 1  
    Online since May 30, 2009

 
 
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Carcinomatous meningitis
KK Kulkarni, VM Bapat, SR Dalal, SD Deshmukh
January-March 2001, 22(1):11-11
Diffuse carcinomatous spread in the meninges is described in the literature. Diagnosis is possible on CSF examination. In our case, the diagnosis was made on post-mortem CSF examination and the primary tumour was not found. Such occurrences have also been documented in the literature.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Childhood hodgkin's disease
CJ Desai
January-March 2001, 22(1):4-10
Childhood Hodgkin's disease (CHD) is a rare and a highly curable disease. In this article, the epidemiology, pathology, clinical features and management are briefly discussed. There is a bimodal age distribution of Hodgkin's disease. It is rare before 5 year of age is more common in boys. The majority of cases in developing countries are associated with the presence of Epstein-Barr virus in the Reed-Sternberg cells. Children with the disease need a special attention as the problems that arise in treatment and followup of childhood Hodgkin's disease can differ from those in adults and specialty care centres can best deal with these problems. Hodgkin's disease is a lymphoma characterised by a pleomorphic lymphocytic infiltrate with malignant multinucleated giant cells (Reed-Sternberg cells). The current histological classification for CHD used by pathologists is the Rye modification of the Lukes and Butler classification. Increased risk of second malignancy in this group suggests that one should minimise the use of agents associated with secondary malignancies in Hodgkin's disease. Nodular sclerosis is the most common histological subtype. With effective multiagent chemotherapy, histological subtype does not influence outcome. It is generally thought that Hodgkin's disease spreads contiguously via the lymphatics from one adjacent nodal area to another. The currently used staging system is the Ann Arbor stage classification. More than 90 percent of all children and adolescents with newly diagnosed Hodgkin's disease are curable with modern therapy. Selection of treatment is influenced by the stage of disease. Biopsy of lymph node or CT-guided core needle biopsy is required for diagnosis. CT scan of thorax is a sensitive method in staging the disease in the mediastinum, hila and lungs. Gallium 67 scan is a useful imaging modality for supradiaphragmatic disease. Due to increasing use of combined treatment modalities, staging laparotomy is no longer routinely used in most of the centres. It is very important that the children with Hodgkin's disease are treated at a specialised centre. Average 5-year survival of all patients (adults and children) with Hodgkin's disease in India is 37 percent. Almost all children with Hodgkin's disease receive combination chemotherapy with or without low dose (1,500-2,500 cGy) involved field radiation therapy as primary therapy. Combination chemotherapy regimens for children Hodgkin's disease include cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone and procarbazine regimens such as COPP/ABV are often utilised. The risk of sterility, damage to the heart, lungs and thyroid, and second malignancies must be considered. For recurrent disease, alternate or noncross-resistant chemotherapy regimens are considered. Autologous bone marrow transplant may be more efficacious in those patients who have achieved a second remission with chemotherapy. Clinical trials exploring the efficacy of chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation are currently ongoing for patients who have relapsed after initial chemotherapy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Rituximab-monoclonal antibody
B Shah, SN Shukla, PM Shah, KM Patel, BJ Parikh, AS Anand, SA Shah, SS Talati, HP Panchal
January-March 2001, 22(1):15-15
In 1997, Rituximab became the first unconjugated monoclonal antibody to gain FDA-approved labelling for use in cancer therapy. Rituximab is currently indicated for use in the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory low-grade or follicular CD20-positive B-cell NHL. Rituximab is an alternative to conventional chemotherapy for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory low-grade or follicular CD20-positive B-cell NHL. An over-all response rate of 48 percent has been reported in these patients. Adverse reactions tend to be mild and occur most commonly during the first infusion and in patients with a large tumour burden. Study results for patients with bulky disease or receiving a second course of rituximab therapy are encouraging.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Primary plasma cell leukaemia : clinical haematogical and cytogenetic features
DS Madhumathi, T Sundareshan, Devi V Lakshmi, NR Raman, A Usha
January-March 2001, 22(1):12-13
We present a case of primary plasma cell leukaemia (PCL) whose bone marrow culture showed clonal cytogenetic abnormalities, which included hyperdiploid modal number with loss of gamma chromosome, monosomy of 6,8,11 and 13 and trisomy of 3,7, and 19. Solitary structural abnormality including four copies of del (1)(p12) was identified. The cytogenetic abnormality detected in this patient is compared with some reported cases of PCL.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Carcinoma of parotid in an eight year old child
M Gairol, DN Sharma, P Mukhopadhyay, A Thakar, BK Mohanti
January-March 2001, 22(1):14-14
Malignant salivary gland neoplasm in children is rare. Here we present a case of an eight year old boy presented to us a big mass in parotid region, underwent preoperative radiotherapy, surgery and then followed by postoperative radiotherapy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Scenario of breast cancer in the thar desert in India
S Snchetee
January-March 2001, 22(1):20-20
Full text not available   
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Goodbye to staging laparotomy for hodgkin's disease?
PM Parikh
January-March 2001, 22(1):1-3
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